What is project management essay
what is project management essay
concern of project quality management and surveys if project quality management is being executed in organizations. Hardie (1998) suggests that Project management has advanced technologically as a profession and demands the application of Decision and information. We started to understand the meaning of project quality management from the perspective of project practitioners. The discussion is basically based on instituting a definition and understanding project quality, and features of project quality…
As in the case of all definitions, the term program / project has a variety of meaning. Definition of a project 1. Programs / Projects are tools to achieve the plan goals. E.g. Plan goal – Removal of poverty. Plan tool – IRDP, JRY, TRYSEM etc. 2. A project is an investment of resources in a package of interrelated time found
The Chunnel tunnel project undertaken to create a connection between England and France via underground tunnel, presents one of the largest privately funded construction projects ever under taken. It required the cooperation of two national governments, bankers underwriting the funding for the projects, numerous contractors and several regular agencies. The construction and engineering of the tunnel required the use of new technology and required significant modifications during the project due to unexpected conditions and changes required by various parties.
Technically strongly built, hence a successful ‘Quality Management’ implemented. Back office support was excellent. Good team work between two groups. A winning proposal under ‘build owner transfer’ granted to CTG and overall quality of work impressive, work place accident rates were below the industrial average and implementation of effective change management.
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In the Execution phase the project team create the physical project deliverables outlined by the project plan. A range of management processes are implemented to monitor and control the outcome of the project. This include the following
‘ Time Management – Monitor time spend on project.
‘ Cost Management – Recording the consumption of the project budget.
‘ Quality Management ‘ Ensure that project deliverables meet the customers’ requirements.
‘ Risk Management ‘ Monitoring and controlling project risks.
‘ Issue Management- Involves resolving any unforeseen issues.
‘ Acceptance Management ‘ Carrying out review to gain customers approval of deliverables.
Once all deliverables have been produced and accepted and signed off by the customer, the project is ready for closure
The Closure phase ensure that the project criteria have been fully satisfied. All project stakeholders must be informed that the project have been closed and a release plan need to be identified for the project deliverables, documentation, supplier contracts and resources. Following closure a Post Implementation Review will help to determine if the requirements was met within scope and budget.
3.1 Project Scope Management includes all the necessary processes to ensure that the project includes all the work required, and only the work required, to complete the project successfully (PMBOK 2000:189)
This definition refers to all elements that is included and not included in the project. The following is the major scope management processes:
‘ Initiation: Commit the organisation to begin next phase of project
‘ Scope planning: Creating a project scope management plan that documents how the project scope will be defined verified, controlled.
‘ Scope definition: Dividing major deliverables in to smaller groups that is easier to manage.
‘ Scope verification: Formalising acceptance of project scope
‘ Scope change control: Controlling changes to the project scope
Project Name: MFP Printer Project
Project Manager Francois Swanepoel
Project Tracking Number: 123456
The current lease agreement for the multifunctional printers has come to the end of its term.
Overview of Deliverables
The company needs to replace a 115 MFP printers country wide
Specific Project Objectives and Success Criteria
‘ A tender needs to be awarded to a suitable company to renew the lease agreement for 60 months
‘ An assessment needs to be done to specify the correct amount of equipment
‘ The new equipment need to enable the company to move to a paperless environment
‘ The management of the equipment need to be centralized
‘ The replacement needs to happen at a cost of no more than R250 000 pm
‘ The rollout needs to be completed by the 2014-07-25
The project manager is the person who would handle these functions and motivate his or her team to help in the process of completing the project” (Larson & Gray, 2014). Describe how project management techniques enable the company to meet their strategic mission.
Social business software system, for instance, has created collaborating with colleagues scattered throughout the planet a veritable breeze. There is actually a good quantity of overlap between project management and project collaboration, however they don’t seem to be one and also the same. Understanding the distinction between the 2 won’t solely facilitate to clarify any queries you will have. However additionally improve your talents to mix project management and collaboration during an undefeated manner.
Project Portfolio Management (PPM) is the centralized management of the processes, methods, and technologies used by project managers and project management offices (PMOs) to analyze and collectively manage current or proposed projects based on numerous key characteristics. The objectives of PPM are to determine the optimal resource mix for delivery and to schedule activities to best achieve an organization’s operational and financial goals ― while honoring constraints imposed by customers, strategic
“Direct and Manage Project Execution is the process for executing the work defined in the project management plan to achieve the project ‘s requirements/objectives defined in the project scope statement” (comp. PMBOK3, p. 78). The Project Manager helps with the execution of the planned activities, sometimes with the assistance of a project management team for larger projects. This occurs during the execution phase of the project. Figure: Phases of a project When we are completing the work assigned
- Project close: Finalizing all activities across process groups to formally close the project
- Contract closure: Completing and settling each contract (including the resolution of any open items) and closing each contract applicable to the project or project phase
Executing is consisted of the processes which are used to complete the work defined in the project management plan to gain the project’s requirements. Execution process contains coordinating people and resources, as well as integrating and performing the activities of the project in accordance with the project management plan. The deliverables are then produced as outputs from the processes performed as is defined in the project management plan.